Inclusionary Resources Directory
Multi-Tiered System of Supports
Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) is an educational framework used to provide academic and behavioral support to students in a systematic and proactive way. MTSS is designed to meet the needs of all students by providing multiple levels of support, from universal supports for all students to targeted interventions for students who need additional assistance.
The MTSS model is typically organized into three tiers:
Tier 1: Universal supports: These are the supports that are provided to all students in the general education setting. These may include high-quality instruction, differentiated instruction, and classroom management strategies.
Tier 2: Targeted supports: These are additional supports provided to students who are not making adequate progress with the universal supports. These supports may include small-group instruction, check-in/check-out programs, and targeted interventions to address specific skill deficits.
Tier 3: Intensive supports: These are highly individualized supports provided to students who require more intensive interventions to make progress. These may include one-on-one instruction, intensive interventions, and specialized programs.
MTSS is based on a data-driven problem-solving approach that involves ongoing assessment and progress monitoring to determine the effectiveness of the supports provided at each tier. By using data to make informed decisions about the effectiveness of interventions, educators can adjust and refine supports to ensure that all students are making progress toward their goals.
Editor’s Note: This story originally appeared in the May 2019 edition of the OSSI Newsletter. Due to a technical glitch, it has been reposted and
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